Integration of postural control in human biomechanical simulations

Simplified postural control system

In this systematic literature research we identified different approaches to simulate postural control. The different approaches are discussed regarding their applied biomechanical models, sensory representation, sensory integration, and control methods in standing and gait simulations. For postural control optimal control methods like linear quadratic regulators and model predictive control methods are used less, when models’ level of details is increasing, and nonlinearities become more important. Considering musculoskeletal models, reflex-based and PD controllers are mainly applied and show promising results, as they aim to create human-like motion behaviour considering physiological processes.
The article was recently published in the Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation and is available as open-access: